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Capsule endoscopy is a procedure that which use a tiny wireless camera to take the pictures of  digestive tract. Capsule endoscopy is a technology that uses a swallowed video capsule to take photographs of the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine.

For capsule endoscopy, the intestines are cleared first of residual food and the  bacterial debris with the use of laxatives and/or purges very similar to the laxatives and purges used before colonoscopy. A large capsule-larger than the largest pill-is swallowed by the patient. The capsule contains one or two video chips (cameras),as a light bulb, a battery, and a radio transmitter. As that the capsule travels through the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine, it takes the  photographs rapidly. These photographs are transmitted by the radio transmitter to a small receiver that which is wornon the waist of the patient who is undergoing for the capsule endoscopy.At the end of the procedure, approximately 8 hours later, the photographs are downloaded from the receiver into a computer, and the images are reviewed by a physician. The capsule is passed by the patient into the toilet and then it is flushed away. There is no need to retrieve the capsule

Capsule endoscopy has also been approved to evaluate the muscular tube that connects to  mouth and  stomach (esophagus) to look for abnormal, enlarged veins (varices). It is used rarely because the  experience with it is limited and the traditional upper endoscopy is widely available.

Capsule Endoscopy Preparation

Do you Know how to prepare for your capsule endoscopy, First you likely ask your doctor for prearations which are need for capsule edoscopy

Should have to do fasting for 12 hours before going take capsule endoscopy, which will helps the camera to captures images clearly in your digestive system.

Stop taking medicines before you going to have capsule endoscopy

Don’t do any kind of strenuous exercise and heavy lifting.

Sometimes, Doctor may ask to take a laxative to make your stomach empty

Capsule Endoscopy procedure

  • Find the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Diagnose inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn’s disease.
  • Diagnose cancer
  • Diagnose celiac disease.
  • Screen for polyps.
  • Do follow-up testing after X-rays or other imaging tests.

Types  of diseases can be diagnosed with capsule endoscopy

Capsule endoscopy continues to improve technically. If it has revolutionized diagnosis by providing a sensitive (able to identify subtle abnormalities) and simple (non-invasive) means of examining the inside of the small intestine.

Some of the common examples of small intestine diseases diagnosed by capsule endoscopy are as follows :

  • Angiodysplasias (collections of small blood vessels located just beneath the inner intestinal lining that can bleed intermittently and cause anemia)
  • Small intestinal tumors such as lymphoma, carcinoid tumor, and small intestinal cancer
  • Crohn’s disease of the small intestine.
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