Congenital Cardiac defects:
Congenital Cardiac defects is also called as Congenital Heart Defects (CHD).
You may ask, what is Congenital Heart Defects (CHD)?
Before that, we want to explain about the heart to you: The heart is a complex, muscular organ formed with four chambers to pump blood around the body. In that, two belongs to receiving chambers (know as atria) and two larger chambers (known as ventricles).But for those with a congenital Heart defect all should not working properly.
So, what is Congenital Heart Defect (CHD)?
The word Congenital means ‘born with’ and/or ‘from birth ’.
Congenital Heart Defect (CHD) is an abnormality of the heart which occurs soon after conception and often before the mother is aware that she is pregnant.
The severity of heart defects can range from simple problems, such as “holes” between chambers to very severe malformations, such as complete absence of one or more chambers or valves.
Most of the times, the severity of CHD can be detected at earlier stage with the help latest invention medical equipments and modern medicine.
If sometimes a CHD can go undetected until adulthood, these defects are usually corrected with surgery.
So, now you know what is CHD. But, did you know that there are 35+ known CHD’s! And many other defects that affect the heart such as:
- Aortic Stenosis
- Atrial Septal Defect
- Atrio-ventricular Septal Defect
- Coarctation of the Aorta
- Complex Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Congenitally corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Ebstein’s Anomaly
- Eisenmenger Syndrome
- Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
- Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome (HRHS)
- Persistant Ductus Arteriosis
- Pulmonary Stenosis
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
- Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Ticuspid Atresia
- Truncus Ateriosus
- Ventricular Septal Defect
In present scenario of device closure for congenital heart disease has became tremendous advances in the treatment of CHD.
Sign and Symptoms of Congenital Heart Defects
In a Newborn, congenital heart defects may have a few or no symptoms at all. However, this all depends on the number, type of defects and severity. The defect may not be detected during a physical examination.